TYPES OF FARMING
Farming is a great way to earn extra income. There are several types of farms, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. If you’re looking to get started in farming, you’ll want to consider these three options.
1. Livestock farming
Livestock farming is a method of raising livestock, including fish, poultry, and mammals, in captivity. In livestock farming, animals are kept in pens, cages, or enclosures where they are fed, watered, and cared for until they reach maturity. Animals raised for meat are slaughtered at a certain age, while those raised for milk or eggs may continue to produce offspring throughout their lives. Livestock farmers raise animals for food, fiber, companionship, or both.
Aquaculture (also known as aquafarming) is the cultivation of aquatic organisms, such as fish, mollusks, crustaceans, and amphibians. Aquatic farms are often called fish farms, although this term is not always accurate. Aquaculture is practiced worldwide, and many species of fish are farmed commercially.
3. Poultry Farming
Poultry farming is the production of chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea fowl, quail, pheasants, pigeons, and other birds for meat, feathers, eggs, or both. Most poultry are domesticated fowl, but some wild birds are also farmed. Chickens are the most commonly farmed bird, followed by turkey, duck, goose, and then chicken.
4. Dairy Farming
Dairy farming is the production of dairy products, such as milk, butter, cheese, yogurt, and ice cream, from cows, goats, sheep, buffalo, camels, water buffaloes, yaks, and other bovine animals. Milk is produced primarily for human consumption, but some is processed further into butter, cheese, and yogurt.
5. Pig Farming
Pig farming is the production of pigs for meat, leather, manure, and other uses. Pigs are omnivorous and have been domesticated since prehistoric times. Pigs are generally considered farm animals, but feral populations exist in some countries.
6. Beef Cattle Farming
Beef cattle farming is the production of beef cattle for meat, hides, and other purposes. Beef cattle are ruminants, meaning they have four stomachs and regurgitate partially digested food. Beef cattle are generally regarded as farm animals, though some are free-ranging.
7. Sheep Farming
Sheep farming is the production of sheep for meat, wool, and other uses. Sheep are ruminants, similar to cattle, and are generally considered farm animals.